Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Apology of Socrates Essay examples - 810 Words

Socrates is at the age of seventy and appearing in a law court for the first time. For the people of Socrates time is accusing Socrates, for miss leading the youth corrupting them and boasting about being wise, causing him to become very unpopular. Socrates says to the jury I am going to speak the whole truth, for it is me by myself that I have to defend. He says my accusers are many and I don’t know them, they say, â€Å"you should be careful not be deceived by an accomplished speaker like me† (Cohen, Curd, Reeve, 2000). The accuser goes on to say that Socrates is accomplished speaker; Socrates starts to praise them, because their lies are so good well put together, that Socrates himself is almost convinced but then he says that they do not†¦show more content†¦This made Socrates very unpopular. â€Å"As a result of this investigation, gentleman of the jury, I acquired much unpopularity, of a kind that is hard to deal with and is a heavy burden; many slander s came from these people and a reputation for wisdom, for in each case the bystanders thought that I myself possessed the wisdom that I proved that my interlocutor did not have† (Cohen, et al., 2000). Socrates says that the young men follow me, but not on my account they try to imitate what I say, which causes their fathers to be angry with me. Socrates says I have been accused of corrupting the youth, but I say Meletus is guilty of such things. For it is Meletus who does not believe in the gods of the city and corrupting the youth, Socrates and Meletus start to argue about the rights and wrongs of the law. Socrates proves his point by saying that Meletus contradicts himself, for he say that Socrates doesn’t believe in gods but Socrates I do believe in the gods. Socrates then tells the story of Troy and how Hector son of a king heir to the throne kills Achilles friend Patroclus, during the battle. This made Achilles very vengeful; his mother the goddess warned Achilles if you kill Hector out of vengeance you too will die. Achilles said to go home would be a coward move and it will be a great disgrace. What Socrates is trying to say evenShow MoreRelatedApology On Apology Of Socrates852 Words   |  4 PagesMarch 2, 2017 Apology of Socrates Socrates was a Greek philosopher and the founder of western philosophy. Plato was the student of Socrates who was very motivated by the life and teaching of Socrates. Plato was also one of the greatest Philosopher of ancient Greece. Apology is the actual recorded speech of Socrates by Plato, which was delivered at the trail to defend himself. Many people did not agree with Socrates, so they made several charges against him, which is recorded in the Apology. Some ofRead MoreSocrates And The Apology Of Socrates1322 Words   |  6 Pages Socrates is quite the unique individual compared to most, if not all, other Greeks at that time. In the Apology, Socrates gives an analogy of himself being a gadfly and that his gadfly like actions are favorable for Athens and that the actions are goods he is providing. From his service he claims to live a more private life than a public life when discussing virtue. This paper is going to discuss Socrates and his analogy of a gadfly, approach to other s about virtue, his conduct effect on democracyRead MoreThe Apology by Socrates1099 Words   |  4 PagesApology, in Socrates day, stood for defense rather than seeking forgiveness, as it is now commonly used. To Socrates, it did not matter to him whether or not he was persecuted, as long as he did what was correct. Socrates whole philosophy is that to know knowledge is to have wisdom, and to have wisdom is to know oneself. The people of Athens did not like Socrates due to both the early accusers and late accusers; however, Socrates provides an argument to put these fallacies to rest. Plato’s ApologyRead MoreSocrates and the Apology1136 Words   |  5 Pagesbest sources of information about Socrates philosophical views are the early dialogues of his student Plato, who tried to provide a faithful picture of the methods and teachings of the great master. The Apology is one of the many-recorded dialogues about Socrates. It is about how Socrates was arrested and charged with co rrupting the youth, believing in no god(s) (Atheism) and for being a Sophist. He attended his trial and put up a good argument. I believe that Socrates was wrongfully accused and shouldRead MoreApology of Socrates Summart924 Words   |  4 PagesSummary Platos The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates speech, however, is by no means an apology in our modern understanding of the word. The name of the dialogue derives from the Greek apologia, which translates as a defense, or a speech made in defense. Thus, in The Apology, Socrates attempts to defend himself andRead MoreSocrates in Apology and Crito1045 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"The irreverent, disobedient Socrates of the Apology is inconsistent with the Socrates of the Crito.† Construct an argument supporting or refuting this claim. Be sure to incorporate textual evidence. In Plato’s Apology, Socrates comes off as a defiant and disobedient man with little respect for his accusers and even for the jurors on whom his fate depends. This may seem in stark contrast with the stoic Socrates in Crito who would rather accept the death sentence than let his friend Crito helpRead MoreApology and Phaedo, by Socrates833 Words   |  3 Pagesancient Greek philosopher, Socrates. In the texts that are going to be analyzed in this essay, Apology and Phaedo, are the retellings of words and thoughts of Socrates by Plato, a pupil and admirer of Socrates. Both texts lecture about the topic of death and though both are the thoughts of Socrates at different times of his life, they have similar and contrasting views on the outlook of death. The Apology is the most authentic account that has been preserved of Socrates defense of himself as itRead MoreSocrates’ Speech in Apology975 Words   |  4 Pagesa warning to Socrates. Aristophanes is a â€Å"friendly critic† of Socrates and warns Socrates to change his ways for Athens and for the good of himself (Whidden). Plato’s Symposium and especially his Apology of Socrates justify the claims made in Clouds about the dangers of philosophy and Socrates to the public, even if Plato’s Socrates is less exaggeratedly hubristic than the Socrates in Clouds. Socrates takes the warning from the Clouds seriously. In Socrates’ speech in Apology, he disregardsRead MoreSocrates Apology Of Plato s Apology981 Words   |  4 PagesPart I: Essay Outline Question #2 At 23b of Plato s Apology Socrates claims to be wiser than his interlocutors because, unlike them, he does not think he knows what he does not know. Question: Is this self-assessment genuinely meaningful or is it merely clever word play? Thesis Statement: I think Socrates’ message behind his speech to his interlocutors was to both state his superior wisdom and gain the attention while doing so. Outline I. Introduction A. Opening Statement 1. What is wisdomRead MoreSocrates Apology Analysis1149 Words   |  5 Pages In her analysis of Socrates’s frame of work, Roslyn Weiss defends Socrates to seeker of knowledge. Weiss argues that Socrates should be viewed as a skeptical inquirer because of his pursuit to what is x? As Weiss puts it, Socrates is aware of his own ignorance and knows that one cannot know what things are by simply using definitions. She emphasized for one to a teacher, one must be an expert. From this point of view, it can be inferred that to teach someone you must have all the background and

Peak of Eloquence free essay sample

Allama Sayyid Sharif Radi (970-1015) who at his time outshone all the other scholars due to his extraordinary brilliance had successfully compiled 241 sermons, 79 letters, and 489 sayings of Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (656-661) the first successor of Muhammed (pbuh) the prophet of Islam. To even attempt to describe the greatness of Imam Ali (as) is an enigma in itself and would require not days and pages, but volumes and decades of writing. Who was Ali (as) to have uttered such beautifully eloquent words that have to this day baffled, bewildered and mystified scholars and intellects alike? This collection is the living proof that would testify till eternity the position of Ali (as) as a normal human being and as a divinely chosen Imam. A look at the subjects discussed in Nahjul Balagha will be helpful in ascertaining the wide scope of this invaluable treasure of wisdom. Ali (as) through Nahjul Balagha has touched many aspects of the Islamic doctrine and comprised many broad issues such as philosophy, theology, politics, science, morals and ethics down to more specific issues such as jurisprudence and still remains to be the most eloquent book within the Shia school of thought literature. By blood, Ali (as) was the cousin of the prophet and his son in law. By faith, he was the first man to accept the religion of Islam and the last to have been with the prophet of Islam. There are many traditions and saying of the prophet (pbuh) that describe Ali’s (as) virtues such as the famous â€Å"I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate† (Sahih al-Tirmidhi d. 279 AH, p. 141) also â€Å"Your position to me is like the position of Aaron to Moses, except that there shall be no Prophet after me (Sahih al-Bukhari, Traditions 5. 6) and the list goes on. The above narrations show that there is no question that Ali (as) was the closest to the prophet and the most knowledgeable after him. Nahjul Balagha provides many insights on historical and political events that Ali’s (as) came to face. The biggest and most important was after the death of the Prophet (pbuh). It is narrated that before the demise of Muhammed (pbuh), in an incident referred to as â€Å"Ghadeer Khom†, Muhammed (pbuh) was ordered by God to assign Ali (as) as the successor after him. Deliver what has been sent down to you from your Lord; and if you dont do it, you have not delivered His message (at all)† (Holy Quran, 5:67). It is narrated that more than 100,000 Muslims have attended this speech wherein Ali (as) was appointed the successor and given allegiance to. Unfortunately, after the prophet passed away, many promises were broken and as Ali (as) was involved in the prophet’s funeral, some mislead companions conspired and voted from amongst them a new Khalifa replacing the rightly appointed Ali (as). In one of the most famous sermons in Nahjul Balagha referred to as Khutbat Al-Shaqshaqqiya (Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 3, p50). Ali (as) criticizes those who conspired against him and reaffirms the fact that this position which â€Å"Abu Quhafah (Abu Bakr) dressed himself† with to him is like an â€Å"axis in relation to the hand-mill†. Ali (as) further explains that he did not rise against this injustice and chose patience and endurance instead. Many of today’s Muslims question the authenticity of this book by denying that this particular sermon is Ali’s (as) words but rather attribute it to the compiler, Allama Radi. To others, this claim is considered totally absurd since Ali (as) never kept his criticism of the first three wrongly-appointed Khalifs even after he was finally chosen as one. Apart from the history and politics that are abundant in this book, there are many wonderful and extraordinary set of rules and advice that Imam Ali (as) narrates to the readers of this book. Many of the sermons are based on moral teachings much like the ones found in the holy Quran, with regards to love, gratitude, patience, respect, forgiveness, humbleness, and other moral and ethical aspect. Many of these teachings would help prepare humanity in the self-purification process required for every Muslim to achieve happiness in the afterlife. In one sermon Ali (as) warns the people against the evils of this world and advices them to abide by Allah’s laws to achieve happiness in the hereafter: â€Å"O creatures of Allah! Fear Allah and anticipate your death by good actions. Get ready for the journey, for you are being driven, and prepare yourselves for death, since it is hovering over you. (Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 205, P534). By reminding the readers of death and afterlife, Ali (as) has placed the reader in front of their actions, much like how God reminds humanity of it’s fate in the Quran: â€Å"Surely We have warned you of a chastisement near at hand: the day when man shall see what his two hands have sent before, and the unbeliever shall say: O! Would that I were dust! † (Holy Quran 78:40) Nahjul Balagha also goes into details with regards to the crea tion of the universe, angels and humans. Some of the previous Muslims scientists have looked into these sermons for scientific research while some of today’s scholars use this book to crystallize their understandings of the aspect of God, Prophethood and Imamah. As a collection of sermons, letters and sayings, this book achieved the highest status after the Quran within the Shia-Muslim school of thought. Nahjul Balagha not only reflects the spirit of early Islam and the teachings of the Quran and the Prophet (pbuh) in the proper perspective, but also serves as a guide to traverse the future in the light of these teachings at the same time gives the reader a strong grasp on history.

Tuesday, April 21, 2020

Japanese Immigrants to the US

Japanese are among the different ethnic groups that immigrated to the United States between 1870s and 1880s. At that time, the Japanese economy was in the transition stage slowly transforming into the economy that it has today, and this led to numerous economic hardships, like unemployment and crime.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Japanese Immigrants to the US specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Bankruptcies were wide spread in the economy and civil disorders were common. Such economic hardships forced most Japanese people to immigrate to the US and particularly to Hawaii (Schaefer, 2011). During the time, the sugar industry in Hawaii was booming, which attracted the Japanese, who were mostly laborers. A decade from 1885, almost 30,000 Japanese have moved to Hawaii seeking jobs and hoping to return home. When America took over the Island of Hawaii in 1900, the sugar plantation owners anticipated the legisl ation of American laws against the contract labors (Johnson, 2010). To beat the ban, they imported about 26,000 laborers from Japan in 1899; this was the single largest group of Japanese to leave for America in one year. Finally, the law annulled the contract labor permitting all the Japanese to migrate freely to the mainland USA. Process of Entering the US For many years, Hawaii was densely populated by the Japanese people, as opposed to other regions in the USA, and it was due to racial discrimination in the country. Racial discrimination was not significant in Hawaii as it was in the mainland US this had become known to the Japanese government, and it stopped issuing passports to citizens wishing to travel to the mainland US.Advertising Looking for research paper on ethnicity studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, many of those who received permission to travel to Hawaii found their way to mainland US (Johnson, 2 010). Americans Attitude to Japanese The initial relationship between the Japanese and the American people were similar to those of Chinese and American relationships, as Chinese had also immigrated as laborers to Hawaii. The Chinese in Hawaii and mainland had ventured into small business and were successful, and this led to resentment and rejection from the Americans because of their hard work. The Japanese had followed the same pattern, initially like a substitute to Chinese labor, but soon there was a growing dislike for Japanese. These attitudes were more severe in the mainland as opposed to Hawaii and regulations were put in place that limited their progress and activities. In Hawaii, the laws limited the movement of the Japanese to more skilled jobs, and in the mainland they were not allowed to own land. The theory of racial profiling can be used to describe the experiences of the Japanese Americans, and it became even worse during the Second World War (Schaefer, 2011). Japane se’s Values and Beliefs Japanese society does not believe in one God like most Americans who believe in God who controls everything and determines the fate of people. The Japanese believe in a number of virtues that affect the character and the destiny of the individuals.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Japanese Immigrants to the US specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Japanese have all along been a collective society as compared to the American way of life where emphasis is made more on group values rather than on individual ones. These social groups play a significant role in helping other members in the community; this could explain their relative success of the Japanese. The Americans are individualistic society, where individuals look on to themselves and the members of the immediate family (Onozawa, 2003). The Japanese have an exceptionally strong filial piety, where all members of the society respect the elderly and take care of them. They value them as an excellent source of oral traditions that are passed to future generation. Current Conditions in Japan Since the first immigrants moved to the US, the economic conditions in Japan have changed drastically (Schaefer, 2011). Since 1950, Japan has been among the strongest and the fastest growing economies in the world and by 1995 it had caught up with the American economy. It is now one of the most highly industrialized and developed nations in the world and occupies the third position after the United States and China (Onozawa, 2003). When the first immigrants were heading to the US, the country was primarily agricultural, but now it has turned into an industrialized nation with sectors such as manufacturing, service and trade, playing a vital role in the economy (Onozawa, 2003). According to IMF, Japan has one of the highest per capita incomes, and the unemployment level is extremely low. The country is a member of G8, m eaning that it has a powerful influence on the world’s politics and economics.Advertising Looking for research paper on ethnicity studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Japan currently ranks as the top most innovative country in the world, as seen in the number of patents registered. From 1968, Japan was the second largest economy until 2010 when China dislodged it to third position. Almost 70 out of the 500 fortune companies are Japanese, and despite the effects of the Second World War, they emerged with resilience, and its economic growth is almost unbelievable (Schaefer, 2011). Opinion on Their Journey Given the experiences of the Japanese immigrants in the USA, especially during and after the Second World War, the journey did not benefit them; instead they lost all they acquired (Johnson, 2010). When the Pearl Harbor was attacked, it marked a turning point and ushered in the most traumatic experiences of the Japanese immigrants. As a result, many Japanese were murdered and even more were taken to custody and they lost all their investments and jobs. Their assets were liquidated by the state, and after the war Japanese were mostly laborers, whil e those in professional jobs dropped significantly (Johnson, 2010). I would not have made the same decision of moving to the US, in my opinion I would have remained in Japan. Reference List Johnson, R. (2010). Be Good Americans: The Message of the Japanese-American Courier. The Great Depression in Washington State. Retrieved from Onozawa, N. (2003). Immigration from Japan to the U.S.A., Historical Trends and Background. Retrieved from Schaefer, R. (2011). Racial and Ethnic Groups. (13th ed.). Washington, DC: Pearson. This research paper on Japanese Immigrants to the US was written and submitted by user Eva Ross to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Monday, March 16, 2020

Difference and Usages Between To and Too

Difference and Usages Between To and Too Sometimes a seemingly small error can turn a great paper into a dud. Using to when you should have used too might seem like a small matter to you, but it can be one of those errors that make the red ink pens fly. This is one mix-up that makes teachers and professors crazy! The key to remembering when to use too instead of to is the extra o in too. The word too is used when youre referring to an extra or excessive amount of something. For instance: Im too tired to do another math problem. (excessively tired)Ive eaten too many blueberries and Im feeling sick. (an excessive amount)Im coming to your party too. (as an extra person)I think the school day starts too early. (excessively early) The word to has many uses. 1. It can be a preposition expressing a certain direction or location: I am going to the coffee shop. 2. It can be a proposition that identifies a thing or person being affected by something: That situation seems crazy to me. 3. It can make up (or indicate) an infinitive verb form. Marigold loves to sing.To live well is my goal. More Tips for Using Too If you are already in the habit of mixing to and too, it will take a little practice to correct yourself. They key is to stop and make a conscious decision each time you start to write the word to. Ask yourself if: You could substitute the word very.You could substitute the word excessively.You are dealing with an increase in number or degree of something.You could substitute the word also.Youre talking about going past a certain limit.You could substitute the word exceedingly. Notice how each case above deals with the notion of an extra amount? Just think about that extra o in too as you write and proofread. Youll be cured of a bad habit in no time!

Friday, February 28, 2020

Case Study Anaylses Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Anaylses - Case Study Example According to Acer’s Stan Shih, it is a difficult undertaking for Asian corporations to venture into the international market. This is because most Asian nations may not be aware of what is required in order for a corporation to thrive in such settings. There is also the indisputable matter of different cultures and values of the Eastern nations and the more developed Western nations. According to the Taiwanese entrepreneur, it is not unusual for Chinese managers to opt for embracing customs that are more familiar with Westerners in order to penetrate the global market. This, though, is not always beneficial because it leaves the Asian companies at a disadvantage. According to Ming-Jer and Miller (2010) Asian companies also endeavour to use Confucian principles in the workplace. Chinese traditions, according to these researchers, is replete with the importance of generating aspects such as harmony and balance in all spheres in order to benefit from fulfilling relationships with others. This relational aspect, though, is not as well understood in the West as it is in the East. Western corporations are typically less interested in realizing relational objectives in the workforce. The introduction of relational objectives, particularly by Asian corporations seeking to expand further into the global arena, can cause confusion instead of the balance that was expected. According to Ming-Jer and Miller (2010), there are ways in which relational aspects can be used to benefit firms while ensuring that the financial objectives are not compromised. However, any such motives have to be conducted through a gradual process which allows for the workforce of corporations to be able to implement and adjust to the new changes. The inclusion of relational aspects could bring great benefits to a corporation. Short-term thinking will likely be discouraged, for instance, while there will be fewer incidences of destructive competetveness which could adversely

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Requiring students to pass a standardized test to receive a high Essay

Requiring students to pass a standardized test to receive a high school diploma will not improve the educational standards or academic achievement in our school - Essay Example They will be enabled to assess the suitability of the student who had applied for admission into undergraduate or graduate degree programs (Standardized Tests, 2006). Twenty – two states of the Union have implemented such exit examinations and there is a proposal in four more states to follow suit. Critics have opined that implementing exit examinations in schools would not be beneficial to children from low income group families. Controversy surrounds these exit examinations. Thus, the state of Maryland postponed its examinations schedule for two years. The state Board of Education is keenly reviewing the date regarding implementation of exit examinations. However, proponents of exit examinations claim that the tests would improve the quality of education and contribute to the achievement of higher goals (Toppo). An improvement in the amount of time expended on various subjects was discerned in high school graduation. For instance, in the year 2005, sixty – eight percent of high school graduates had studied English for four years and mathematics, science and social studies for three years. This is a laudable feat and is higher than that of the year 1990, wherein only forty percent of the students had graduated in the core subjects. According to the results of a federal study, in the year 2005, fifty – one percent of students had taken college preparatory work, which had been only thirty – one percent in the year 1990 (Toppo). According to Russlyn Ali of the Education Trust West, an advisory group in Oakland, most of the children in the USA graduated without acquiring basic knowledge and skills. This was established in the federal study. Moreover, that study had disclosed that the average high school senior student was unable to read fluently and lacked basic skills. In addition, Jack Jennings of the Center on Education Policy,